Dystonia

Dystonia is a movement disorder in which a person's muscles contract uncontrollably. The contraction causes the affected body part to twist involuntarily, resulting in repetitive movements or abnormal postures. Dystonia can affect one muscle, a muscle group, or the entire body.

Alternating hemiplegia of childhood is a rare syndrome characterized by infantile onset of episodic hemi-or quadriplegia. Most cases are accompanied by dystonic posturing, choreoathetoid movements, abnormal ocular movements, developmental delay, and progressive cognitive impairment.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:
Description:
Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Alternative:

'Dystonia' describes a neurologic condition characterized by involuntary, sustained muscle contractions affecting one or more sites of the body; 'torsion' refers to the twisting nature of body movements observed in dystonia. Dystonia has been classified as primary (dystonia as the sole or major symptom) or secondary (a symptom of another disorder), and by age of onset, muscle groups affected, and mode of inheritance.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:

Dystonia is a movement disorder in which a person's muscles contract uncontrollably. The contraction causes the affected body part to twist involuntarily, resulting in repetitive movements or abnormal postures. Dystonia can affect one muscle, a muscle group, or the entire body.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:
Description:
Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Alternative:

Torsion dystonia-2 is an autosomal recessive neurologic disorder characterized by onset of symptoms in childhood or adolescence. 'Dystonia' is characterized by involuntary, sustained muscle contractions affecting one or more sites of the body; 'torsion' refers to the twisting nature of body movements observed in dystonia. DYT2 first affects distal limbs and later involves the neck, orofacial, and craniocervical regions. DYT2 is slowly progressive but mild overall.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:

'Dystonia' describes a neurologic condition characterized by involuntary, sustained muscle contractions affecting one or more sites of the body; 'torsion' refers to the twisting nature of body movements observed in dystonia. Dystonia has been classified as primary (dystonia as the sole or major symptom) or secondary (a symptom of another disorder), and by age of onset, muscle groups affected, and mode of inheritance.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:

Myoclonus-dystonia is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by myoclonic jerks affecting mostly proximal muscles. Dystonia, usually torticollis or writer's cramp, is observed in most patients, but occasionally can be the only symptom of the disorder. Onset of the disorder is usually in the first or second decade.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:
Description:
Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Alternative:

Dystonia Type 12, also known as rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism, is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by abrupt onset of asymmetric dystonia and parkinsonism in young adulthood, often after a trigger such as physical overexertion, trauma, heat, or fever. Affected individuals also show slowly progressive nonparoxysmal neurologic deterioration in a rostrocaudal gradient with prominent bulbar dysfunction.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:
Description:
Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Alternative:

'Dystonia' describes a neurologic condition characterized by involuntary, sustained muscle contractions affecting one or more sites of the body; 'torsion' refers to the twisting nature of body movements observed in dystonia. Dystonia has been classified as primary (dystonia as the sole or major symptom) or secondary (a symptom of another disorder), and by age of onset, muscle groups affected, and mode of inheritance.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:

Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis (PKC) is an autosomal dominant neurologic condition characterized by recurrent and brief attacks of involuntary movement triggered by sudden voluntary movement. These attacks usually have onset during childhood or early adulthood and can involve dystonic postures, chorea, or athetosis. Symptoms become less severe with age and show favorable response to anticonvulsant medications such as carbamazepine or phenytoin. It is the most common type of paroxysmal movement disorder. The condition is often misdiagnosed as an epileptic manifestation

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:

Familial dyskinesia with facial myokymia is an autosomal dominant movement disorder characterized by childhood onset of involuntary choreiform or dystonic movements that involve the limb and facial muscles. The severity is variable, but can result in difficulty walking and talking.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
20 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:

Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is an autosomal recessive lipid storage disorder characterized by progressive neurodegeneration. Approximately 95% of cases are caused by mutations in the NPC1 gene, referred to as type C1; 5% are caused by mutations in the NPC2 gene, referred to as type C2. The clinical manifestations of types C1 and C2 are similar because the respective genes are both involved in egress of lipids, particularly cholesterol, from late endosomes or lysosomes.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
20 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:
Description:
Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Alternative:

Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is an autosomal recessive lipid storage disorder characterized by progressive neurodegeneration. Approximately 95% of cases are caused by mutations in the NPC1 gene, referred to as type C1; 5% are caused by mutations in the NPC2 gene, referred to as type C2. The clinical manifestations of types C1 and C2 are similar because the respective genes are both involved in egress of lipids, particularly cholesterol, from late endosomes or lysosomes.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:
Description:
Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Alternative:

NBIA5, sometimes referred to as 'static encephalopathy of childhood with neurodegeneration in adulthood (SENDA),' is an X-linked neurodegenerative disorder characterized by global developmental delay in early childhood that is essentially static, with slow motor and cognitive gains until adolescence or early adulthood. In young adulthood, affected individuals develop progressive dystonia, parkinsonism, extrapyramidal signs, and dementia resulting in severe disability. Brain MRI shows iron accumulation in the globus pallidus and substantia nigra. A characteristic finding is T1-weighted hyperintensity surrounding a central band of hypointensity in the substantia nigra. Cerebral and cerebellar atrophy are also observed.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by progressive iron accumulation in the basal ganglia and other regions of the brain, resulting in extrapyramidal movements, such as parkinsonism and dystonia. Age at onset, severity, and cognitive involvement are variable.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:
Description:
Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Alternative: