The polyposis syndromes are disorders in which more than 100 gastrointestinal polyps are present throughout the GI tract.
Familial adenomatous polyposis-1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by predisposition to cancer. Affected individuals usually develop hundreds to thousands of adenomatous polyps of the colon and rectum, a small proportion of which will progress to colorectal carcinoma if not surgically treated. Gardner syndrome is a variant of FAP in which desmoid tumors, osteomas, and other neoplasms occur together with multiple adenomas of the colon and rectum.Test Details
The JPHT syndrome includes the features of both the juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) in a single individual. JPS is characterized by hamartomatous polyps occurring throughout the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in an increased risk of gastrointestinal cancer, and HHT is a vascular dysplasia characterized by telangiectases of the skin, and oral and nasal mucosa, epistaxis, and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the lungs, liver, brain, and gastrointestinal tract.Test Details
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by melanocytic macules of the lips, buccal mucosa, and digits; multiple gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyps; and an increased risk of various neoplasms.Test Details