Prostatitis

Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland. The inflammation can be due to an infection as well as other various causes. Prostatitis can be an acute illness or a chronic condition, The NIH consensus definition and classification of prostatitis is: Acute bacterial prostatitis: Caused by a bacterial infection and it typically starts suddenly and may include flu-like symptoms. It is the least common of the four types of prostatitis. Chronic bacterial prostatitis: Described by recurrent bacterial infections of the prostate gland. Between attacks, the symptoms might be minor or the patient may even be symptom free, however it can be difficult to treat successfully. Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: Most cases of prostatitis fall into this category; however, it is the least understood. Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome can be described as inflammatory or noninflammatory, depending upon the presence or absence of infection-fighting cells in the urine, semen, and prostatic fluid. Often no specific cause can be identified. The symptoms can come and go or remain chronically. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis: This condition is often diagnosed incidentally during the work-up for infertility or prostate cancer. Individuals with this form of prostatitis will not complain of symptoms or discomfort, but they will have the presence of infection-fighting cells present in semen/prostatic fluid.

<p> <b>ANDROFLOR</b> </p> <p> Diseases of the male genital tract are the leading cause of male reproductive function impairment. This defines their social and economic significance, especially taking to account current decrease of birthrate. </p> <p> Considering the clinical and social significance of the male genital tract diseases, their slight symptoms or asymptomatic clinical course as well as importance of equivalent medical research of both partners having reproductive system impairment, we offer an <b>unique technology Androflor</b> that allows diagnosing combined infection and inflammatory disease of male genital tract. </p> <p> According to Tenth Revision of International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) the list of male genital tract diseases which can be caused by combined infection and inflammation include following diseases: </p> <p> • Nonspecific urethritis; </p> <p> • Other urethritis; </p> <p> • Urethral syndrome, unspecified; </p> <p> • Enlarged prostate; </p> <p> • Acute prostatitis; </p> <p> • Chronic prostatitis; </p> <p> • Orchitis and epididymitis; </p> <p> • Balanitis; </p> <p> • Induration penis plastica; </p> <p> • Inflammatory disorders of seminal vesicle; </p> <p> • Inflammatory disorders of spermatic cord, tunica vaginalis and vas deferens. </p> <p> Obligate pathogens and viruses are considered the main etiologic factors of combined infection and inflammation process. Most frequently recognized pathogens are: </p> <ul> <li> Neisseria gonorrhoeae, </li> <li> Chlamydia trachomatis, </li> <li> Trichomonas vaginalis, </li> <li> Mycoplasma genitalium, </li> <li> Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 and 2 </li> <li> in the last few years there have been many reported the increased disease-causing role of <b>opportunistic microorganisms: Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, Haemophilus, Candida etc</b>. </li> <li> <b>Specimen </b>for screening<b>:</b> </li> <li> epithelial cells scrapes from the balanus; urethra; • urina; • prostatic fluid; • ejaculate; • biopsy samples from prostatic tissues. </li> <li> <b>ATTENTION!</b> To exclude any biases in microflora composition analysis, caused by transient microflora, the three-day sexual continence or safe sexual contact is recommended before sampling. </li> <li> For etiological diagnosis of <b>urethritis</b>, balanoposthitis and therapy monitoring of these diseases the recommended sample materials are<b> urethral scrapes</b>, prepuce of penis scrapes,<b> urine</b> (the first void urine can be used only for pathogens identification); </li> <li> For etiological diagnosis of <b>prostatitis, male infertility</b> and therapy monitoring of these diseases the recommended sample materials are <b>prostatic fluid</b>, residual urine after prostate milking, <b>ejaculate</b> and prostate biopsy. </li> <li> *The prostate milking is strictly prohibited when acute prostatitis is suspected. </li> </ul>

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative and quantitative detection of bacterial / viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR / Real - Time PCR.
Delivery Time:
2 days
Sample:
Urine; Ejaculate;
Alternative:
External epithelial swab/ Urethral swab/ Prostate secretion / Proastate biopsy;

<p> Chlamydia is one of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in the world and can cause serious complications if not treated. Screening for, diagnosing, and treating chlamydia is very important in preventing long-term complications and spread of the infection to others. <a href="/documents/tests/109/Chlamydia.en.pdf" target="_blank">Read more</a> </p>

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
Sample:
Endo - / Exocervical swab / Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:
In case of HPV infection: biopsy specimens from Condyloma acuminatum in physiological solution

<p> <b>Fertility TEST - New Generation Infectious DNA Test for fertility assessment in Pair</b> </p> <p> <b>Our mission</b> </p> <p> Due to the cases of infertility and recurrent spontaneous miscarriages of unknown etiology, we are making the latest findings in the field with the hope for the successful pregnancy, both natural and post-IVF. </p> <p> The innovative Fertility TEST is successfully applied as a screening approach for infertile couples to increase the rate of IVF success, clarifying the infectious etiology of infertility and directing the attention of the practitioners for precise treatment. </p> <p> Fertility test is designed for precise diagnosis of each partner in the pair suffering from idiopathic infertility. </p> <p> <b>✔ Fertility TEST</b> - New Generation Infectious DNA Test to assess fertility in women - performed on a f<b>ew drops of menstrual blood</b>, and represents a new method for detecting hidden (subclinical) infections that can cause infertility in women. </p> <p> ✔<b>Fertility TEST</b> - New Generation Infectious DNA Test to assess fertility in Men – detects <b>hidden infections in sperm</b> that can cause infertility as well as early and recurrent spontaneous abortions as a result of embryo infection. </p> <p> <b>Fertility TEST is successfully applied in cases of:</b> </p> <p> • Idiopathic infertility; </p> <p> • Early and / or recurrent spontaneous abortions; </p> <p> • Unsuccessful implantation; </p> <p> • IVF failure with own or donor eggs; </p> <p> • Failure of IVF with PGS (Preimplantation genetic screening) of normal embryos; </p> <p> • Low ovarian reserve; </p> <p> • DNA fragmentation in spermatozoids; </p> <p> <b>Fertility TEST: scope</b> </p> <p> <b>Bacteria:</b> Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), Gardnerella vaginalis; </p> <p> <b>Herpes family:</b> HHV-1 - 8 (HSV-1, HSV-2, CMV, EBV, VZV, HHV-6, HHV-7, HHV-8); </p> <p> <b>Sample:</b> </p> <p> <b>Women:</b> Menstrual blood / tissue - Sampling is passive (a few drops of menstrual blood are collected in a container); </p> <p> <b>Men:</b> Ejaculate after three days of abstinence in a sterile container; </p> <p> <b>Storage and transport of samples:</b> Room temperature, without special delivery conditions. </p> <p> <b>Result: 1-5 days</b> </p> <p> <b>Female Fertility TEST: when to use?</b> </p> <p> 1. In couples with idiopathic infertility, failed embryo transfer, early and / or recurrent spontaneous abortions; </p> <p> 2. For the diagnosis of endometritis and pelvic inflammatory disease involving a wide range of different infections in addition to chlamydia); </p> <p> 3.Fertility TEST is successfully combined with conventional diagnostic methods, such as testing of cervical and vaginal secretions, microscopy and PAP. Fertility TEST offers an additional diagnostic instrument for urogenital tract screening in both partners; </p> <p> 4. Before any invasive procedure or salpingography (to prevent spread of infections in upper genital tract). </p> <p> Note: Invasive procedures to diagnose an intrauterine infection such as endometrial biopsy can cause endometriosis itself or exacerbate the condition, because the cervical channel may be an entry door for cervical / vaginal bacteria into the uterus. </p> <p> 5.In the Preventive medicine and reproductive health as a tool for population screening. The non-invasive method of sampling allows the use of Fertility TEST for preventive screening of viral and bacterial infections, overcoming all practical obstacles for sampling from hard-to-reach areas of the upper urogenital tract. </p> <p> 6. In routine gynecological screening: It is possible to combine Fertility TEST in routine gynecological screening tests with testing the cervical / vaginal secretions to ensure accurate and timely detection and localization of the infection. This makes the treatment easier and reduces the risk of complications resulting from untreated, hidden and subclinical infection. </p> <p> 7. In the struggle against the spread of sexually transmitted infections: Fertility TEST can be applied as a valuable diagnostic instrument in preventive medicine to reduce sexually transmitted infections among the population. As a non-invasive method, the test can be successfully applied to both teenagers and adult women and is offered as a preventive strategy for the prophylaxis, control, screening and treatment of sexually transmitted infections. </p> <p> <b>IN SHORT for Female Fertility TEST:</b> </p> <p> • Easy, non-invasive sampling; </p> <p> • The sample (menstrual blood) is representative of the entire endometrium; </p> <p> • Results within 1-5 business days; </p> <p> • High sensitivity (> 95%) and specificity (> 99%); </p> <p> • Clarifies infertility with bacterial and viral etiology; </p> <p> • Easy monitoring of the results of antibiotic / antiviral therapy; </p> <p> <b>Male Fertility TEST: when to use?</b> </p> <p> 1. In couples with unexplained infertility, difficulty in conception, early and recurrent miscarriages. For best results, we recommend using the test along with the Fertility TEST in the partner. </p> <p> 2. When subclinical urogenital infection is suspected in men with or without infertility. </p> <p> 3. In the diagnosis and treatment of OLIGOSPERMY (decreased number of spermatozoides in the ejaculate), ASTENOSPERMY (reduction of the quantity of the mobile spermatozoides and the speed of their movement in the ejaculate) or THERATOPERMY (the majority of spermatozoides have irregular shape and structure). </p> <p> 4. For routine androgenic screening. </p> <p> We recommend combining Male Fertility TEST with spermatic analysis to prevent male reproductive system, diagnose infection or study male infertility. </p> <p> 5. For screening sperm donors In Vitro clinics and sperm banks. </p> <p> <b>In short for Male Fertility TEST:</b> </p> <p> • Allows detection of infectious etiology for male infertility; </p> <p> • Allows detection of an infectious etiology with male origin in cases of early and recurrent spontaneous abortions in the couple. </p> <p> • High sensitivity (> 95%) and specificity (> 99%); </p> <p> • Easy monitoring of the results after antibiotic / antiviral therapy; </p>

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial / viral DNA in the clinical material, using Real - Time PCR.
Delivery Time:
5-10 days
Sample:
Мenstrual tissue / Еjaculate;
Alternative:
Еndometrial tissue; Аbortive material;

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
5 days
Sample:
6 ml. Blood (EDTA)
Alternative:

<p> Chlamydia trachomatis; Mycoplasma hominis; Mycoplasma genitalium; Ureaplasma urealyticum; </p> <p> Mycoplasma and ureaplasma are types of bacteria that can be transferred from one person to another through sexual contact, however they are not classed as sexually transmitted infections. </p> <p> There is limited knowledge surrounding these type of infections and any long term damage they may cause. <a href="/documents/tests/114/MycoplasmaUreaplasma.pdf" target="_blank">Read more</a> </p> <p> Chlamydia is one of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in the world and can cause serious complications if not treated. Screening for, diagnosing, and treating chlamydia is very important in preventing long-term complications and spread of the infection to others.<a href="/documents/tests/114/Chlamydia.en.pdf" target="_blank"> Read more</a> </p> <p> </p>

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1 day
Sample:
Endo - / Exocervical swab / Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:
In case of HPV infection: biopsy specimens from Condyloma acuminatum in physiological solution

Chlamydia trachomatis Mycoplasma hominis Mycoplasma genitalium Ureaplasma parvum Ureaplasma urealyticum

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Endo - / Exocervical swab / Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:
In case of HPV infection: biopsy specimens from Condyloma acuminatum in physiological solution

<p> </p> <p> Mycoplasma hominis Mycoplasma genitalium Ureaplasma urealyticum </p> <p> Mycoplasma and ureaplasma are types of bacteria that can be transferred from one person to another through sexual contact, however they are not classed as sexually transmitted infections. </p> <p> There is limited knowledge surrounding these type of infections and any long term damage they may cause. <a href="/documents/tests/112/MycoplasmaUreaplasma.pdf" target="_blank">Read more</a> </p> <p> </p>

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
Sample:
Endo - / Exocervical swab / Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:
In case of HPV infection: biopsy specimens from Condyloma acuminatum in physiological solution

<p> Mycoplasma hominis; Mycoplasma genitalium; Ureaplasma urealyticum; Ureaplasma parvum; </p> <p> Mycoplasma and ureaplasma are types of bacteria that can be transferred from one person to another through sexual contact, however they are not classed as sexually transmitted infections. </p> <p> There is limited knowledge surrounding these type of infections and any long term damage they may cause.<a href="/documents/tests/113/MycoplasmaUreaplasma.pdf" target="_blank"> Read more</a> </p> <p> </p>

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Endo - / Exocervical swab / Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:
In case of HPV infection: biopsy specimens from Condyloma acuminatum in physiological solution

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative and quantitative detection of bacterial / viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR / Real - Time PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Endo - / Exocervical swab / Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:

Neisseria gonorrheae; Chlamydia trachomatis;

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Endo - / Exocervical swab / Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:
In case of HPV infection: biopsy specimens from Condyloma acuminatum in physiological solution

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Vaginal swab /External epithelial swab/ Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Vaginal swab /External epithelial swab/ Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Vaginal swab /External epithelial swab/ Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative: