Vulvovaginitis

Vulvovaginitis is an inflammation or infection of the vulva and vagina. It’s a common condition that affects women and girls of all ages. It has a variety of causes. Other names for this condition are vulvitis and vaginitis. Many triggers can cause an infection in the vagina and vulval areas. The most common cause is bacteria. Other prevalent causes include: yeast viruses parasites environmental factors sexually transmitted infections (STIs) exposure to chemical irritants and allergens

<p> </p> <p> Candida albicans is a yeast-like fungus that is often found in the mouth, vagina, and intestinal tract; it is a normal inhabitant of humans that typically does not have any adverse effects. Changes to vaginal acidity and the balance of organisms can occur due to antibiotics, diabetes, pregnancy, hormonal therapy, contraceptives, or an impaired immune system. When that happens, Candida cells can multiply unchecked, resulting in a yeast infection.<a href="/documents/tests/118/Candida-albicans.pdf" target="_blank">Read more</a><a href="http://documents/tests/118/Candida-albicans.pdf" target="_blank">.</a> </p> <p> </p>

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
2 days
Sample:
Vaginal swab /External epithelial swab/ Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:

<p> <b>FEMOFLOR® - </b> an innovative test of genital microbiocenosis assessment </p> <p> Presents complex quantitative assessment of microbiocenosis via PCR in real- time method. </p> <p> In terms of <b>clinical relevance of the test Femoflor</b>, the following capabilities are achieved at initial admission: </p> <p> • Identification of the etiological causes of infection; </p> <p> • Diagnostics of dysbiotic disorders and their degree of severity; </p> <p> • Ability to determine the amount of necessary therapy; </p> <p> • Ability to perform dynamic observation; </p> <p> • Monitoring treatment effectiveness; </p> <p> • Monitoring restoration of normal vaginal flora; </p> <p> • Ability to prescribe or adjust therapy depending on the test result (analysis takes 1-2 days). </p> <p> The technology is recommended<b> for use in the following situations</b>: </p> <p> • Clinical and/or laboratory signs of urogenital inflammation; </p> <p> Disbiotic disorders with various influences, including: </p> <p> • Treatment by antibiotics (both local and general), hormones and cytostatics; </p> <p> • Use of contraceptives, including intrauterine devices (IUDs); </p> <p> • Douching; </p> <p> • Change of sexual partner; </p> <p> •Hypothermia; </p> <p> • Impending surgical manipulation of the pelvic organs with a high risk of infectious complications; </p> <p> • Presence of complicated obstetric or gynecological history (recurrent miscarriage, perinatal loss, infertility); </p> <p> • Preconception preparation; </p> <p> • Pregnancy (all the trimesters); </p> <p> • Discrepancy between clinical and laboratory test results; </p> <p> • Atrophic vaginitis (senile), examination of postmenopausal women; </p> <p> • Analysis of the state of microbiocenosis in healthy women (it is optimal to take with gynecological smear). </p> <p> <b>Principal advantages of Femoflor</b> </p> <p> • Reliable qualitative and quantitative diagnosis of reproductive infections, even in the case of small symptomatic or asymptomatic disease - reducing the risk of pregnancy complications and fetal pathology; </p> <p> • Quantitative determination of anaerobes - the main group of microorganisms causing disease recurrence of lower division of women urogenital tract (diagnosis by other methods is difficult, lengthy or impossible); </p> <p> • Lack of subjectivity and reducing the impact of human factors - the study is carried out by one of the most modern and precise instrumental methods - real-time PCR; </p> <p> • The simplicity of preanalitics (does not require preservation of living organisms, analysis of DNA fragments of microbiota components is carried out); </p> <p> • Fast obtaining results (term of performance day), a convenient form with color markers </p> <p> <b>FEMOFLOR Plus: needs two biological samples:</b> </p> <ul> <li> <b>Vaginal swab</b> for quantitative assessment of opportunistic microflora (aerobes, anaerobes, yeasts and the group of genital mycoplasmas),the patogen Trichomonas vaginalis and the normoflora of Lactobacillus; </li> <li> <b>Cervical swab</b> - for detection of the sexual transmitted cervical pathogens: Chlamydia trachomatis и Neisseria gonorrhoeaе; </li> </ul>

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative and quantitative detection of bacterial / viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR / Real - Time PCR.
Delivery Time:
2 days
Sample:
Vaginal swab /External epithelial swab + Endo - / Exocervical swab;
Alternative:

<p> <b>FEMOFLOR 16</b> - an innovative test of genital microbiocenosis assessment </p> <p> Presents complex quantitative assessment of microbiocenosis via PCR in real- time method. </p> <p> In terms of<b> clinical relevance of the test Femoflor</b> <b>16</b>, the following capabilities are achieved at initial admission: </p> <p> • Identification of the etiological causes of infection; </p> <p> • Diagnostics of dysbiotic disorders and their degree of severity; </p> <p> • Ability to determine the amount of necessary therapy; </p> <p> • Ability to perform dynamic observation; </p> <p> • Monitoring treatment effectiveness; </p> <p> • Monitoring restoration of normal vaginal flora; </p> <p> • Ability to prescribe or adjust therapy depending on the test result (analysis takes 1-2 days). </p> <p> The technology is recommended <b>for use in the following situations</b>: </p> <p> • Clinical and/or laboratory signs of urogenital inflammation; </p> <p> Disbiotic disorders with various influences, including: </p> <p> • Treatment by antibiotics (both local and general), hormones and cytostatics; </p> <p> • Use of contraceptives, including intrauterine devices (IUDs); </p> <p> • Douching; </p> <p> • Change of sexual partner; </p> <p> •Hypothermia; </p> <p> • Impending surgical manipulation of the pelvic organs with a high risk of infectious complications; </p> <p> • Presence of complicated obstetric or gynecological history (recurrent miscarriage, perinatal loss, infertility); </p> <p> • Preconception preparation; </p> <p> • Pregnancy (all the trimesters); </p> <p> • Discrepancy between clinical and laboratory test results; </p> <p> • Atrophic vaginitis (senile), examination of postmenopausal women; </p> <p> • Analysis of the state of microbiocenosis in healthy women (it is optimal to take with gynecological smear). </p> <p> <b>Principal advantages of Femoflor 16:</b> </p> <p> • Reliable qualitative and quantitative diagnosis of reproductive infections, even in the case of small symptomatic or asymptomatic disease - reducing the risk of pregnancy complications and fetal pathology; </p> <p> • Quantitative determination of anaerobes - the main group of microorganisms causing disease recurrence of lower division of women urogenital tract (diagnosis by other methods is difficult, lengthy or impossible); </p> <p> • Lack of subjectivity and reducing the impact of human factors - the study is carried out by one of the most modern and precise instrumental methods - real-time PCR; </p> <p> • The simplicity of preanalitics (does not require preservation of living organisms, analysis of DNA fragments of microbiota components is carried out); </p> <p> • Fast obtaining results (term of performance day), a convenient form with color markers </p> <p> <b>Femoflor 16 - biological sample:</b> </p> <p> • Vaginal swab; </p> <p> • Coverage: quantitative assessment of opportunistic microflora (aerobes, anaerobes, yeasts and the group of genital mycoplasmas) and the normoflora of Lactobacillus; </p>

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative and quantitative detection of bacterial / viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR / Real - Time PCR.
Delivery Time:
2 days
Sample:
Vaginal swab /External epithelial swab;
Alternative:

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Vaginal swab /External epithelial swab/ Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Vaginal swab /External epithelial swab/ Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Vaginal swab /External epithelial swab/ Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative:

Test Details
Description:
In vitro nucleic acid amplification test for qualitative detection of bacterial or viral DNA in the clinical material using PCR.
Delivery Time:
1-2 days
Sample:
Vaginal swab /External epithelial swab/ Urethral swab/ Urine / Prostate secretion / Ejaculate;
Alternative: