Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer affects the prostate gland, the gland that produces some of the fluid in semen and plays a role in urine control in men. The prostate gland is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. Regular testing is crucial as the cancer needs to be diagnosed before metastasis. Fast facts on prostate cancer: • The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. • Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. • It is treatable if diagnosed early, before it spreads. • If symptoms appear, they include problems with urination. • Regular screening Is the best way to detect it in good time. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer affecting men. There are usually no symptoms during the early stages of prostate cancer. However, if symptoms do appear, they usually involve one or more of the following: • frequent urges to urinate, including at night • difficulty commencing and maintaining urination • blood in the urine • painful urination and, less commonly, ejaculation • difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection may be difficult Advanced prostate cancer can involve the following symptoms: • bone pain, often in the spine, femur, pelvis, or ribs • bone fractures