Brain Malformations

Complex cortical dysplasia with other brain malformations (CDCBM) is a disorder of aberrant neuronal migration and disturbed axonal guidance. Affected individuals have mild to severe mental retardation, strabismus, axial hypotonia, and spasticity. Brain imaging shows variable malformations of cortical development, including polymicrogyria, gyral disorganization, and fusion of the basal ganglia, as well as thin corpus callosum, hypoplastic brainstem, and dysplastic cerebellar vermis. Extraocular muscles are not involved

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by progressive iron accumulation in the basal ganglia and other regions of the brain, resulting in extrapyramidal movements, such as parkinsonism and dystonia. Age at onset, severity, and cognitive involvement are variable.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative:
Description:
Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Alternative:

NBIA5, sometimes referred to as 'static encephalopathy of childhood with neurodegeneration in adulthood (SENDA),' is an X-linked neurodegenerative disorder characterized by global developmental delay in early childhood that is essentially static, with slow motor and cognitive gains until adolescence or early adulthood. In young adulthood, affected individuals develop progressive dystonia, parkinsonism, extrapyramidal signs, and dementia resulting in severe disability. Brain MRI shows iron accumulation in the globus pallidus and substantia nigra. A characteristic finding is T1-weighted hyperintensity surrounding a central band of hypointensity in the substantia nigra. Cerebral and cerebellar atrophy are also observed.

Test Details
Description:
Delivery Time:
10 days
Sample:
2-5 Ml Venous Blood Sample / DNA sample
Alternative: