Common variable immune deficiency is a disorder that impairs the immune system. Patients with it are highly susceptible to infection from foreign invaders such as bacteria, or more rarely, viruses and often develop recurrent infections, particularly in the lungs, sinuses, and ears.
Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by cerebellar ataxia, telangiectases, immune defects, and a predisposition to malignancy. Chromosomal breakage is a feature. AT cells are abnormally sensitive to killing by ionizing radiation (IR), and abnormally resistant to inhibition of DNA synthesis by ionizing radiation. The latter trait has been used to identify complementation groups for the classic form of the disease. At least 4 of these (A, C, D, and E) map to chromosome 11q23 and are associated with mutations in the ATM gene.Test Details
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type I is characterized by the presence of 2 of 3 major clinical symptoms: Addison disease, and/or hypoparathyroidism, and/or chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis.Test Details
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by episodic local subcutaneous edema and submucosal edema involving the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. There are 2 classic types of the disorder. In type I, representing 85% of patients, serum levels of C1NH are less than 35% of normal. In type II, the levels are normal or elevated, but the protein is nonfunctional. The 2 types are clinically indistinguishable.Test Details
Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of neutrophil function resulting from a deficiency of the beta-2 integrin subunit of the leukocyte cell adhesion molecule. The leukocyte cell adhesion molecule is present on the surface of peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes and granulocytes and mediates cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion. LAD is characterized by recurrent bacterial infections; impaired pus formation and wound healing; abnormalities of a wide variety of adhesion-dependent functions of granulocytes, monocytes, and lymphocytes; and a lack of beta-2/alpha-L, beta-2/alpha-M, and beta-2/alpha-X expression.Test Details
X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome, or Duncan disease, is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by severe immune dysregulation often after viral infection, typically with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It is a complex phenotype manifest as severe or fatal mononucleosis, acquired hypogammaglobulinema, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), and/or malignant lymphoma. Other features may include aplastic anemia, red cell aplasia, and lymphomatoid granulomatosis.Test Details