Cervical cancer is mostly caused by a virus called human papilloma virus (HPV). The time between the initial HPV infection and the development of cervical cancer is usually decades. HPV infection usually runs without symptoms and is accidentally detected in a prophylactic cytoplasm and / or HPV-DNA test, only the latter can unambiguously prove a current infection. Unresolved and unheeded by the treating physician, an HPV infection can cause cervical cancer. Unfortunately, the symptoms of cervical cancer are unspecific. Most often complaints occur when the disease is at an advanced stage. This type of cancer can be prevented by prophylaxis as well as successfully treated if it is detected in an early stage.