Diseases of the male genital tract are the leading cause of male reproductive function impairment. This defines their social and economic significance, especially taking to account current decrease of birthrate.
Considering the clinical and social significance of the male genital tract diseases, their slight symptoms or asymptomatic clinical course as well as importance of equivalent medical research of both partners having reproductive system impairment, we offer an unique technology Androflor that allows diagnosing combined infection and inflammatory disease of male genital tract.
According to Tenth Revision of International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) the list of male genital tract diseases which can be caused by combined infection and inflammation include following diseases:
• Nonspecific urethritis;
• Other urethritis;
• Urethral syndrome, unspecified;
• Enlarged prostate;
• Acute prostatitis;
• Chronic prostatitis;
• Orchitis and epididymitis;
• Induration penis plastica;
• Inflammatory disorders of seminal vesicle;
• Inflammatory disorders of spermatic cord, tunica vaginalis and vas deferens.
Obligate pathogens and viruses are considered the main etiologic factors of combined infection and inflammation process. Most frequently recognized pathogens are:
Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 and 2
in the last few years there have been many reported the increased disease-causing role of opportunistic microorganisms: Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, Haemophilus, Candida etc.
Specimen for screening:
epithelial cells scrapes from the balanus; urethra; • urina; • prostatic fluid; • ejaculate; • biopsy samples from prostatic tissues.
ATTENTION! To exclude any biases in microflora composition analysis, caused by transient microflora, the three-day sexual continence or safe sexual contact is recommended before sampling.
For etiological diagnosis of urethritis, balanoposthitis and therapy monitoring of these diseases the recommended sample materials are urethral scrapes, prepuce of penis scrapes, urine (the first void urine can be used only for pathogens identification);
For etiological diagnosis of prostatitis, male infertility and therapy monitoring of these diseases the recommended sample materials are prostatic fluid, residual urine after prostate milking, ejaculate and prostate biopsy.
*The prostate milking is strictly prohibited when acute prostatitis is suspected.