Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common infectious diseases reported worldwide. Millions of new cases are reported each year. STDs are caused by bacteria, parasites or viruses and are transmitted from one person to another through vaginal, oral and anal sexual contact. Correct use of latex condoms significantly reduces but does not completely eliminate the risk of sexually transmitted infections. 

Untreated, sexually transmitted infections can lead to serious health problems, including pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriages, perinatal or congenital infections in the newborn, cervical cancer, liver cancer and more. Sexually transmitted infections often do NOT show symptoms, - you may have an infection and not know it, and that carries a huge risk of health complications. Therefore, if you are sexually active, it is important to get tested regularly.

Pregnancy & Sexually Transmitted Infections

Care for Your Baby

Sexually transmitted infections can cause short-term and long-term health problems for the expectant mother and the fetus. It is important for a pregnant woman to be tested for sexually transmitted diseases as part of her prenatal care.

Sexually transmitted diseases during pregnancy can cause health complications for the mother:

  • miscarriage
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • premature birth and low birth weight
  • birth defects, including blindness, microcephaly, deafness and intellectual disabilities
  • stillbirth
  • death of the newborn
Care for Your Reproductive Health

Approximately 30% of all couples with infertility and sterility problems have sexually transmitted diseases

Protect Yourself and Your Loved Ones with GENICA's Diagnostic Solutions

GENICA applies new gold standards for screening for oncological diseases of infectious etiology
Care for Your Loved Ones

Sexually transmitted infections can lead to cancer

Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Protect Yourself and Your Sexual Partner
Reduce the number of sexual partners

Reducing your number of sex partners can decrease your risk for STDs. It is still important that you and your partner get tested, and that you share your test results with one another.


Practice mutual monogamy

Mutual monogamy means that you agree to be sexually active with only one person, who has agreed to be sexually active only with you. Being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner is one of the most reliable ways to avoid STDs. But you must both be certain you are not infected with STDs. It is important to have an open and honest conversation with your partner. 

Use condoms

 Correct and consistent use of the male latex condom is highly effective in reducing STD transmission. Use a condom every time you have anal, vaginal, or oral sex. 

Put yourself to the test

Testing is the only way to ensure that you and your partner are sexually healthy. This is the way to check whether you have been infected with sexually transmitted diseases by previous partners.

Patient Care
Modern laboratory practices

The mission of the Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases at GENICA is  to help people have safer and healthier life by providing up-to-date information, medical research and scientific data that lead to preventing sexually transmitted diseases and  further complications.

The specific goals of the department are the promotion of sexual health and the primary prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.

Caring for patients GENICA follows the recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014) for prophylactic tests for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections [Recommendations for the Laboratory-Based Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae - 2014 ].

The performance of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) with respect to overall sensitivity, specificity, and ease of specimen transport is better than that of any of the other tests available for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections. Laboratories should use NAATs to detect sextually transmitted diseases except in cases of child sexual assault and when evaluating a potential  treatment failure, in which case culture and susceptibility testing might be required.

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